This is called familial hypercholesterolemia and is caused by a genetic mutation that decreases the liver’s ability to clear excess cholesterol. Lowering LDL with medications and/or lifestyle changes has been shown to lower CVD risk. The fact is, elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the bad cholesterol, is a major cause of heart disease. A good LDL number is less than 130 – better yet, less than 100. Recheck them every five years if they’re good, and every year if they’re high, according to The National Institutes of Health. LDL cholesterol can build up on the walls of your arteries and increase your chances of getting heart disease. Elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or “bad”) cholesterol is a clearly established risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In the right amount, LDL is good — necessary, actually. Low-density lipoprotein particles are small, relatively buoyant spheres made up of lipids (fats) and proteins. Indulge a Little. Just how far to lower LDL… Just make sure to eat in moderation, as chocolate is also high in saturated fat and sugar. Eat foods low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and simple carbs. Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) are two types of lipoproteins that are found in your blood. This condition can lead to very high LDL levels, and heart attack or stroke at a young age in multiple generations. Having untreated high levels of LDL cholesterol, the “bad” cholesterol, can place you at risk of developing heart disease. LDL is also called “bad” cholesterol because it blocks your blood vessels and increases your risk for heart disease. Rarely, very high LDL is genetic and passed down in families. It is necessary to take precautions to keep your LDL cholesterol levels within the normal ranges if wanting to avoid cardiovascular events. Healthy foods and exercise can cut your LDL levels. By the age 20, everyone should know their good (HDL), bad (LDL), triglyceride, and total cholesterol numbers. LDL cholesterol levels are associated with a low risk of developing cardiovascular disease, especially if one has prior heart issues. This can lead to chest pain and heart attack. Cholesterol is a fatty substance that’s needed to build cells. (Simple carbs include foods like sugar, white bread, and white crackers.) The two types of cholesterol are: LDL cholesterol, which is bad, and HDL, which is good. LDL causes the build-up of fatty deposits within your arteries, reducing or blocking the flow of blood and oxygen your heart needs. That is why LDL cholesterol is referred to as "bad" cholesterol. The good news is that, unlike other risk factors, you may be able to prevent high LDL levels or lower your LDL levels if they are already high. It ferries insoluble cholesterol through the bloodstream to the nerves and other tissues that need it. 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