trailer delegated powers to act by the Ultimate God. God is the Supreme entity to the adherents of the traditional religions of Africa and is considered to be the origin of everything in this universe. He comforts the sorrowful e.g. The subject of Hunhu/Ubuntu has generated a lot of debate within public and private intellectual discussions, especially in South Africa and Zimbabwe where the major focus has been on whether or not Hunhu/Ubuntu can compete with other philosophical world views as well as whether or not Hunhu/Ubuntu can solve the socio-political challenges facing the two countries. According to Wikipedia, in religious terms, divinity or godhead is the state of things that come from a supernatural power or deity, such as a god, supreme being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy. He removes suffering from communities. States Societies. 4. (a) Describe how God punished people in African Traditional Society. While the statement that the gods died at any time in African history can be challenged, it is obvious that, within the past two decades, African Traditional Religion has enjoyed some measure of resurgence or revival. This Ghanaian Adinkra symbol means \"except for God\" and symbolizes the supremacy of God. preme / səˈprēm; soō-/ • adj. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. African traditional religions have a strong foothold in contemporary Zimbabwe as an integral part of the everyday lives of many Zimbabweans. Very large. In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. in Conflict Resolution and Management (a) Introduction – meaning/concept of conflict in West African traditional society. Attributes of God according to African belief system. In Christianity God is said to be all-powerful. (a) Describe how God punished people in African Traditional Society. 24. (d) West African Traditional Religion and Conservation of the Environment. African traditional religions have a strong foothold in contemporary Zimbabwe as an integral part of the everyday lives of many Zimbabweans. Religion and Reproductive Health in West African Traditional Religion. II. Which is why they break God up into different spirits in … In many traditional African religions God IS everything and therefore has all attributes. The diversity of cultural forms and linguistic differences of Africans, notwithstanding the relationships of African supreme beings to the created order (including the human, spiritual, and other entities), reveal to a great extent a certain uniformity and similarity in the nature, attributes, and powers of the supreme beings. African tribal societies are rich in the awareness of a Supreme Being to the extent that no native-born African is unaware of God’s existence (O’Donovan 1996:41). Hunhu/Ubuntu is also a key theme in African philosophy as it places an imperative on the importance of group or communal existence as op… ... Love and marriage. 47 0 obj <> endobj This ambivalence of God being both transcendent and immanent among the Nuer, one of the Primal societies, is pointed out by Evans-Pritchard (2004). II. The African traditional society is a homogenous and close one with its unique characteristic features that set it apart from other cultures of the world. Africa occupies the 20% of the world area and has the 14% of its population. New Religious Movements (NRM) in West African Traditional Religion. Each name has serious significance and authority to the supreme being called God. 0000008471 00000 n (a) Meaning and types of stress situation in West Africa traditional society (b) Causes and effects of stress situations (c) Management of stress situations. It is composed of initiating the infant through a naming ceremony. More so, myths encode the traditional settings of the African and their belief system. (e) The Impact of Urbanization on West African Traditional Religion. God is experienced as an all-pervading reality. It sees the divinities as beings who receive ... As we study these attributes of God in Africa, we . The ancestral spirits will intercede who will carry it forward to God, because we also believe in God." Those who obey prosper. In the African philosophical-theology, God’s relationship with the smaller divinities and spirits are only a manifestation of the attributes of the Supreme God. 19. the case of a prophet or soothsayer. %PDF-1.5 %���� They depend on God for the most essential requirements of life e.g. Ancestors maintain a spiritual connection with their living relatives and generally most of them are good and kind. b) Write down seven teachings about God from the Traditional African myths of creation. Taking Africa as a whole, there are in reality fi ve important elements that go into the making of African traditional religion. Rather attributes of God in African religion can be found in the songs, proverbs, sayings, recitals and liturgies of so many African people. Both curses lead to misfortunes. God is a comforter; He comforts those who are in sorrow. 0000000016 00000 n Religion considers the dynamic interaction of various activities that take place in every African community, and it … Contemporary Situations. It is found in most religions. 0000005822 00000 n 0000001151 00000 n Africans believe in the existence of a supreme primordial being, the Lord of the rain, air and sunshine. (of authority or an office, or someone holding it) superior to all others: a unified force with a supreme commander.…, The African diaspora is a term that refers to the dispersal of African peoples to form a distinct, transnational community. Are less powerful than God. It is used principally to aid man’s perception and concentration and to remind the worshipper of the divine presence. It is the most popular for decoration and can often be seen printed on cloth or stamped on pottery.The rapid spread of Pentecostal Christianity and fundamentalist Islam has greatly affected the role of indigenous religion in African society. The men in traditional Shona society might be said to have ... “The Fulfilment of African Religious Needs through the Bible,” in Rewriting the Bible: The Real Issues (Gweru, ... as a fertility God, Mwari’s attributes corre-spond with aspects of the culture with a woman focus. (a) Introduction - meaning/concept of conflict in West African traditional society. These are among others: God is Good – Nearly all-African communities describe God as being good to all people and things. Some of their beliefs and practices like Caste-system (osu-one dedicated to idol/god), and Slave (ohu) all in Igboland, killing of twins, and abinos, buring of chiefs /kings with During sacrifices seeking forgiveness, Africans used to … 0000005242 00000 n Contemporary Situations. He provides and sustains His creation. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. In traditional African society, there is implied and widespread belief in a Supreme Being, God. Resurgence of ATR. traditional african concept of evil It is an offense against another person of the community or it is an offense against God, the spirits or ancestors. It is the most popular for decoration and can often be seen printed on cloth or stamped on pottery.The rapid spread of Pentecostal Christianity and fundamentalist Islam has greatly affected the role of indigenous religion in African society. Failure to heed these regulations may lead to punishment. Background to African traditional religion African religion involves the whole of the African’s life: the environment, values, culture, self-awareness—a complete worldview. ... give the person information for the larger society in . b) Write down seven teachings about God from the Traditional African myths of creation. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. This is the popular assumption amongst many African theologians of which Maluleke (1994) is one example. The paper shows that the concept of God is not strange to Africans but in traditional Africa there is no atheist. protects the weak and hears the cry of those unjustly treated. In the Edo belief system, Osanobua has the divine attributes of omnipresence (orhiole), omniscience (ajoana), and omnipotence (udazi). Pan Afric…, God's Bible School and College: Tabular Data, God's Bible School and College: Narrative Description, God's Bible School and College: Distance Learning Programs, Goddard College: Distance Learning Programs, Cosmology, article on African Cosmologies, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/god-african-supreme-beings. African philosophy reflects belief in God, the concept of belief in God in Africa forms the bedrock of every religious worship and ceremony; it is an idea that is fundamental to African religion. The Role of W.A.T.R. Stateless Societies. God is good. Resurgence of ATR. He gives rain, sunshine and life among many other gifts. African peoples do not consider God to be a man, but in order to express certain concepts, they employ languages and images about God as an aid to their conceptualization of him whom they have not seen and about whom they confess to know little or nothing. The ancestral spirits will intercede who will carry it forward to God, because we also believe in God." Most African traditional societies believe that a newborn comes from the spirit world with a message from the gods or ancestors. Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. Traditional religion promotes respect for elders in the society. Africans have different names for God they worship. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. startxref The S… Traditional African religion is a way of life in which ancestors are part and parcel of every major or minor event such as wedding, births and deaths as well as fetching firewood. <]/Prev 175811>> Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. They are seen to be … Londo. heals the sick. traditional African takes the character of critical reflection of the African understanding of reality and world view. The African societies and ethnic communities believed in a supreme being who had different names for different communities.The people worshiped this God through singing,offering sacrifices,dancing,dedications as well as invoking blessings. in Conflict Resolution and Management (a) Introduction – meaning/concept of conflict in West African traditional society. He gives His people rich harvests and large herds of animals, which lead to a healthy population. Fafunwa (1974:13) observes that: The aim of traditional African education is multilateral and the end objective is to produce an individual who is honest, respectful, skilled, co-operative and conforms to the social order of the day. 0000002502 00000 n This Ghanaian Adinkra symbol means \"except for God\" and symbolizes the supremacy of God. Some of their beliefs and practices like Caste-system (osu-one dedicated to idol/god), and Slave (ohu) all in Igboland, killing of twins, and abinos, buring of chiefs /kings with 21. He is the giver and sustainer of life, provides necessities of life e.g. Fafunwa (1974:13) observes that: The aim of traditional African education is multilateral and the end objective is to produce an individual who is honest, respectful, skilled, co-operative and conforms to the social order of the day. God (The Supreme Being)in African Traditional Religious Thought Belief in the existence of God (Supreme Being) is fundamental in African society. The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. Myths, folklores proverbs therefore become the major sources of African philosophy (Jaja, 1995:28). In this vein, religious symbolist would argue that African spirits and deities are symbolic representatives of reality. Another attribute of the traditional African God is that he is Omnipotent; the All-Powerful One. venerating-and-communicating-with-spirits-and-ancestors.html. Like in Christianity, the traditional African heritage acknowledged that God exists and God is a living force. This very idea of Oneness of the Supreme Being is … 0000005573 00000 n (ii) God is everlasting / eternal. (iv) God is the creator of the universe and everything in it. h�b```��,��@��Y8�D�G�1O`������E���9�,��,�LיΰT3/d������]P���{�'��1NX�|Fd�wr���`��*Wэ=��. ... the attributes of God in AIR and Christianity can be a great . These are belief in God, belief in divinities, belief in Spirits, belief in the ancestors, and the practice of magic and medicine, each with its own consequent, attendant cult .5 The Supreme Deity is … the attributes of God. Traditional religion promotes respect for elders in the society. There are different classes of divinities in ATR (African Traditional Religion). God is neither the creator nor author of evil 2) Sin comes from the disobedience of God by human beings 3) Evil and misfortune are God’s curse to man (Biblical) while the traditional African society sees evil as curses by ancestors, and elders. society, which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve. The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. of traditional religious practices, but it is a sign of the Holy Spirit s presence and guidance (Acts 2:3, 8:17, 19:6-7; 1 Cor.12:13; 1 John 2:20). Both the Biblical and traditional African view or agree that 1) God is supreme. 0000002537 00000 n African communities are aware of the existence of evil in the society and the existence of evil in the society and they try to avoid it. Must obey God’s laws and commandments. The Role of W.A.T.R. The ability of African Traditional Religions to promote the community ideal of peaceful and harmonious co-existence in contemporary African society is in a state of progressive decline. 63 0 obj <>stream 2.Belief in Mystical Powers Such things are regarded as “divine” due to th… God is holy. possession is noticed, the traditional doctors and . (a) Afrikania Missions (Ghana) (b) Godianism (Nigeria) (c) The future of West African Traditional Religion. c) What are the consequences of breaking taboos in traditional African Communities? 6. a) Identify six causes of death in the Traditional African Community b) Explain how Africans demonstrated their belief that death was not the end of life 7. African peoples do not consider God to be a man, but in order to express certain concepts, they employ languages and images about God as an aid to their conceptualization of him whom they have not seen and about whom they confess to know little or nothing. (b) Causes of conflicts (c) Effects of conflicts (d) Conflict resolution and management in West African society 19. %%EOF Gods were brought into Egypt. Explain why and how socialization took place in African traditional society. The S… 0000003172 00000 n God is described with many names, which are God’s attributes. Explain five roles of a diviner in the Traditional African society. ... 23. (a) God is real to Africans: Africans do not perceive of God as an abstract entity whose existence is in the mind. > Did the Africans believe in God before the missionaries came? He is impartial in His judgment. These classes depends on the different location within the African society. God being the creator was well understood, they believed God had smaller deities. God is merciful- The Akamba refer to God as “God of pity”, the ‘merciful one’. African Ceremonies Inc, a 501c3 charitable foundation, is dedicated to the preservation of African tribal traditions through the photographic documentation of ceremonies and customs, thereby ensuring that the strength and essence of African culture is preserved for the history of mankind and for the education of future generations. When spirits . In Africa, God is viewed in both immanent and transcendent dimensions. In many traditional African religions God IS everything and therefore has all attributes. These attributes are anthropomorphic in nature. Therefore, there is no single African traditional religion that can be seen as a generalized representation of the religious and cultural beliefs of the people of Africa. A. xref There are so many other great attributes of God in African religious ontology which we may not expatiate in this work such as: God is the absolute controller of the universe, God is Omnipotent, Omnipresent and Omniscient in Africa; the Supreme Being is one in Africa; God is good and merciful, and God is Holy. 0000002650 00000 n If this is the object of the symbol, it must be wrong to describe it as an idol. food, air, water and fire. Well, Africa is a large continent. society, which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve. In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. From our own study of the African Traditional Religion, we find there are unmistakably elements of animism. (a) West African Traditional … (iii) Good is good. In traditional African societies, nature was regarded as a gift by a supreme Creator God for the benefit of humanity who believed that mankind was created at the centre of the universe. (a) Meaning and types of stress situation in West Africa traditional society (b) Causes and effects of stress situations (c) Management of stress situations. While the statement that the gods died at any time in African history can be challenged, it is obvious that, within the past two decades, African Traditional Religion has enjoyed some measure of resurgence or revival. 0 He is a just God. God is experienced as an all-pervading reality. He is not evil and did not create evil. the attributes of God. African Traditional Religion is now widely taught in African universities, but its identity remains essentially negative: African belief that is not Christianity or Islam. 0000000636 00000 n 0000034056 00000 n However, the date of retrieval is often important. Symbolic representation is not peculiar to African Traditional Religion. God shows mercy in times of danger, illness, difficulty or anxiety. 0000002908 00000 n He is immortal and lives forever. The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. The word God (Supreme Being) refers to “the living eternal Being who is the creator and source of all living and … A. (vii) God is All Powerful (Omnipotent). 4. It is most often used to…, Afrocentrism has a long and often misunderstood history. 0000001493 00000 n In Ghana for example among the Akans God is referred to as "Nyankopon" which means "Greater among friends." In the traditional African society, God was given different attributes. Does not process there own states. Must obey God’s laws and commandments. rain, air and sunshine. Explain how wealth was acquired in African Traditional Society. O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. 2.Belief in Mystical Powers 0000001949 00000 n Concepts of God in the traditional African society and in Christianity . Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. This means attributing a living soul to inanimate objects and natural phenomena. He/She is both good and evil, generous and stingy, ect. This is the first among the African initiation rites. c) What are the consequences of breaking taboos in traditional African ... AFRICAN CONCEPT OF GOD PAST KCSE QUESTIONS ON THE TOPIC 1. a) What was the significance of the Traditional African initiation rites? Many writers still describe the African Traditional Religion as animistic. 6. a) Identify six causes of death in the Traditional African Community b) Explain how Africans demonstrated their belief that death was not the end of life 7. Attributes of God (Supreme Being) in Africa: Attributes of God refers to words or phrases ascribing traits, properties, qualities or characteristics to the Supreme Being. The African societies and ethnic communities believed in a supreme being who had different names for different communities.The people worshiped this God through singing,offering sacrifices,dancing,dedications as well as invoking blessings. They depend on God for the most essential requirements of life e.g. (v) God is a provider. To understand the issue one must go back to the beginnings of anthropology in the 19th century and follow its evolution (see 19th-Century Background ). Africans but in traditional Africa there is no atheist. 47 17 In the African philosophical-theology, God’s relationship with the smaller divinities and spirits are only a manifestation of the attributes of the Supreme God. O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. He protects human beings from evil, e.g. The African traditional society is a homogenous and close one with its unique characteristic features that set it apart from other cultures of the world. In this vein, religious symbolist would argue that African spirits and deities are … (vi) God is merciful. 0000054958 00000 n K���?h,5f��.f�R�#ԩ. In traditional African societies, nature was regarded as a gift by a supreme Creator God for the benefit of humanity who believed that mankind was created at the centre of the universe. Many African myths of creation point to the fact that human beings are dependent on God e.g. 0000001088 00000 n It is an accepted position that the African Initiated Churches (AICs) were formed as a result of the search for a unique African identity and culture. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. The men in traditional Shona society might be said to have ... “The Fulfilment of African Religious Needs through the Bible,” in Rewriting the Bible: The Real Issues (Gweru, ... as a fertility God, Mwari’s attributes corre-spond with aspects of the culture with a woman focus. Failure to heed these regulations may lead to punishment. Those who obey prosper. All majestic deeds, such … There are four foundational religious beliefs in the traditional religions: (1) the belief in impersonal (mystical) power(s); (2) the belief in spirit beings; (3) the belief in divinities/gods and (4) the belief in the Supreme Being. "Nyanko" in Akan means "friend" and "pon" means "mighty or great." Though usually associated with the intellectual lineage that runs from Cheikh Anta Diop (192…, Pan-Africanism is an internationalist philosophy that is based on the idea that Africans and people of African descent share a common bond. Outline ways in which traditional African communities show respect for unborn child. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural and passed down from one generation to another through folk tales, songs and festivals, include belief in an amount of higher and lower gods, sometimes including a supreme creator or force, … He/She is both good and evil, generous and stingy, ect. Are less powerful than God. African identity and culture are preserved in African Traditional Religion. Christianity and the African traditional religion(s): The postcolonial round of engagement ... [African society of culture]. 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