Mubariz Khan assumed the title of Muhammad Adil Shah and made Hemu the Chief Minister. In 1538, when Babur's son Humayun was away at war, Sher Shah took over the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty—named after the ‘Sur’ tribe to which he belonged. He … Sher Shah, after destroying the city of Kannauj, tried to build a new city named Sher Sur there and another city near the Purana Qila at Delhi. The empire was founded by Sher Shah Suri, an ethnic Afghan of the tribal house of Sur, who supplanted the Mughal dynasty as rulers of North India during the reign of the relatively ineffectual second Mughal Humayun.Sher Shah defeated badshah-i-Hind ('Hindustani emperor') Humayun in the Battle of Chausa (26 June 1539) and again in the Battle of Bilgram (17 May 1540). Sher khan established the Suri Dynasty. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Suri was a land lord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area and his father Mian Hassan Khan Suri, was a horse breeder and a prominent figure in the government of Bahlul Khan Lodi. He defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in a fierce battle of Panipat. Sher Shah — can refer to:* Sher Shah Suri, (1486 – 1545), founder of the Sur Dynasty. It was established by Khwaja Jahan Sultan-us Sharq, who was appointed to Jaunpur in 1394 by Sultan Mah-mud Tughlaq (1394-1412). Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah Suri, whose original name was Farid was the founder of the Sur or the Suri dynasty. Sher Shah was not orthodox towards the religion of the Indian sphere. Muhammad Adil Shah (reigned: 1554-1555 ) was the fourth ruler of the Sur dynasty, a late medieval Afghan dynasty of northern India. Sher Shah, then, gave a solemn promise sworn on the Koran to safeguard the lives, property and honour of Puran Mal and his followers if they would surrender the fort to him. for trade and business communication. Sher Shah belonged to Sur Dynasty. Humayun defeated Sikandar Suri and occupied Delhi in 1555 and thus the Sur empire ended. The Lodhi Dynasty was established by Bahalul Lodhi in 1451. Adil's sister, Bibi Bai, was married to Islam Shah Suri. On the obverse side of the coin contained his name and a pious wish: 'Khald Allah mulk.' Why was Sher Shah … Sher Shah Suri issued coins in gold, silver and copper. The founder and first Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian subcontinent. He left home at an early age and took service under Bahar Khan Lohani, Sultan of Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan (meaning Tiger Lord) for his courage and valour. Sher Shah; 1. His surname 'Suri' was taken from his Sur tribe. SHER SHAH SURI T H E L I O N K I N G O F I N D I A 2. The Lodhi Dynasty was the first and last Afghan dynasty to rule in South Asia, with the exception of Sher Shah Suri, the only other Afghan who ruled this region. He was born in 1472 A.D in Punjab. The Lodhi elders served in the court of Firuz Shah and Khizar Khan and held positions of responsibility. ¾ Son Muhammed Shah deposed by Mahmud Khilji established Kahilji dynasty. He joined the Mughal army when Babur invaded India and learnt the techniques of Mughal warfare. Sher Shah went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. He was the son of a petty jagirdar named Hussain who had 4 wives. Sher Shah constructed many buildings though he enjoyed a short span of rule as the Sultan. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. Sher Shah was succeeded by his second son lslan Shah who ruled till 1553. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545) was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi.An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Buhlul Lodhi, the founder of the dynasty, was the governor of Sarhind. Sher Shah-Sur Dynasty; No. The Sur dynasty ruled the northern parts of India from 1540 to 1556 and was established by Sher Shah Suri. His adopted son, Malik Karanfal, de-clared himself an independent sultan at Jaunpur with the title Mubarak Shah Sharqi in 1398. Sher Shah established a sound system of administration in his brief reign of 5 years. Sher Shah established a highly centralised government. Question 5. The name Sher (means lion or tiger in the older pronunciation of Persian) was conferred upon him for his courage, when as a young man, he killed a tiger that leapt suddenly upon the king of Bihar. Sher Shah Suri, also known as Sher Khan, was the Emperor of India from 1539 to 1545. His father was a Jagirdar. They occupied the throne till 1451. He started his career as the manager of a small territory for his uncle in Bihar and eventually challenged and defeated the Mughal Emperor Humayun, Sher Shah captured Delhi and established his own dynasty known as the Suri dynasty. The title of 'Sher Khan' was Give to you for the fight with lion. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545) (birth name Farid Khan, but also known as Sher Khan), was the founder of the short lived Pashtun Suri or Sur, kingdom in the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi.. He was neglected by his father and ill-treated by his youngest step-mother. 5. Sur dynasty was the Afgan family that ruled northern India from 1540-1556. Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. In the silver coins of Sher Shah, there was the trace of 'Kalima' and the name of four Khalifas on obverse side of the coin. His grandfather Ibrahim was a horse trader but after he got a jagir. He was given the name Sher Khan after he single-handedly killed a tiger. He constructed the fort of Rohtasgarh on the banks of the river Jhelam in the north-west and Purana Qila at Delhi. Administration. Sher Shah based his administration on the principle of a welfare state. He was given the title Sher Khan for his bravery under the Afghan Rule of Bihar. The original name of Sher Shah was Farid. The period of reign of Sher Shah was 1540-1545 A.D. 4. He was not dependent on Ulemas. Sher Shah Suri established the foundations of a mounted post or horse courier system, wherein conveyance of letters was also extended to traders. Sher Shah emperor of north-eastern India (1540-1545) and founder of the Sur dynasty, was the son of Hasan Khan Sur, Jaigirdar of Sasaram (in Bihar). Sher Shah Suri defeated the Mughal Empire Humayun first in Battle of Chausa (1539) and then in Battle of Kannauj (1540), hence he became a powerful ruler and established the Sur Dynasty. His original name was Farid. Sher Shah issued the first Rupiya in use till 20th century, a precursor for the modern Rupee. Sher Shah Suri (1 5 4 0 − 1 5 4 5) established a powerful state. The Rajputs resisted him successfully for many months. Sher Shah Suri supplanted the Mughal Dynasty during Humayun’s reign, establishing a dynasty that ruled for almost 17 years until the return of the Mughals. There was a number of combat between the Afghan and the Mughal ruler where Humayun had to finally meet with defeat. He was also a great builder. 7. Sher Shah’s Administration. Sūr dynasty, Afghan family that ruled in northern India from 1540 to 1556. He was an efficient administrator and a brave military general. Sher Shah Suri born in 1486 in Sasaram Bihar, India, His original birth name was Farid-ud-din Abul Muzaffar. The Sayyid dynasty was founded by Kisar Khan in 1413. He was the son of Nizam Khan, the younger brother of the Sultan Sher Shah Suri. And fortune thus favoured him; After driving out Humayun from Hindustan, Sher Shah Suri occupied the throne of Delhi and Agra and established the Second Afghan Empire in India, known as the Sur Dynasty (1540-1555).Honouring the final wish of Emperor Babur, Sher Shah moved his body from Agra to the Bagh-e Babur in Kabul (Babur's body was laid first in the Ram or Aram Bagh at Agra). His mausoleum (tomb) at Sasaran is a masterpiece of architecture. 3. Its founder, Shēr Shah of Sūr, was descended from an Afghan adventurer recruited by Sultan Bahlūl Lodī of Delhi during his long contest with the Sharqī sultans of Jaunpur. He was the son of Hasan, an Afghan jagirdar at Sasaram, in Bihar. He established the Sur dynasty by dethroning Humayun, the Mughal emperor. Mallu Khan began new dynasty, ended by Sher Shah… He was the son of Hasan Khan, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar. His real name was Farid Khan. Among the few monarchs to have fully established Sharia law and Islamic … History. Babur’s actual name was zahirud- din Muhammad born to parents Omar Shiekh Mirza II and Qutlugh Nigar Khanum. Sher Shah established a large standing army and introduced several reforms to make it disciplined, efficient and strong. The Sayyid dynasty was not popular for much reforms and powerful rulers. Lodhi Dynasty. Sher Shah Suri was born in the place Sasaram in the state of Bihar in India. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. Reign 17 May 1540 – 15 May 1545 Coronation 1540 Predecessor Humayun Successor Islam Shah Suri Dynasty Sur dynasty Father Mian Hassan Khan Sur Born 1486, Sasaram , Rohtas District Burial Sher Shah Suri Tomb, Sasaram Religion Islam Died 15 May, 1545, Kalinjar Sher Shah Suri (AD 1540–1545) Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur dynasty. The shah’s personal name was Farīd; the title of Shēr (“Lion”) was conferred when, as a young man, he killed a tiger. 6. Sher Shah was the founder of Sur Dynasty. 2. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. * Sher Shah (Town), a town in the Multan District of Pakistan * Sher Shah (VC), Sher Shah Awan posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for actions in Burma during World War … Wikipedia. Sher Shah Suri - The Lion King of India 1. The name of the mint and date along with the king's name in Nagari letters were inscribed on the reverse side of the coin. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the organizer of the Suri Empire in the northern piece of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in cutting edge Bihar.An ethnic Afghan Pashtun, Sher Shah assumed responsibility for the Mughal Empire in 1538.After his coincidental demise in 1545, his child Islam Shah turned into his successor. In 1538, when Babur's son Humayun was away at war, Sher Shah took over the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty - naming it after the 'Sur' tribe to which he belonged. Sher Shah rose from being a private to the status of a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then to the level of being the governor of Bihar. This is the first known record of the Postal system of a kingdom being used for non-State purposes, i.e. While Humayun was busy in fighting against Bahadur Shah, the ruler of Gujarat, Sher Khan consolidated his position in Bihar. He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then as the governor of Bihar. He established Sur Dynasty at Delhi. Fought Rana kumbha and claimed victory, and built a victory tower at Mandu. Humayun's war with Sher Shah Suri is an important chapter in the history of medieval India. Who was Sher Shah Suri? Sher Shah was the son of Hasan Khan, ajagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar. What was the original name of Sher Shah Suri? Born in 1472, his original name was Farid. His original name was Farid Khan. His real name … Share. With reference to Sher Shah’s enlightened rule, explain : The last ruler of the dynasty was Alavuddin Alam Shah, who was defeated by Bahalul Lodhi. Aurangzeb (1658-1707) Babur is the founder of the Mughal dynasty in India. ¾ Bahadur Shah of Gujarat destroyed the Khilji dynasty of Malwa. Sher Shah’s father was Hasan. Match the following: Answer: C. Choose the correct answer: 1. 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