This sort of study uses several groups of participants who are at different points in time. That’s why researchers might start with a cross-sectional study to first establish whether there are links or associations between certain variables. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Example of CS study in clinical psychology: The alternative to a longitudinal study that you can carry out in an afternoon is a cross-sectional study. 1. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016432. It is often used in developmental psychology, but also utilized in many other areas including social science, education and other branches of science. Cross-sectional studies (also know as Cross-sectional analysis) form a class of research methods that involve observation of some subset of a population of items all at the same time.. 2017 Oct 16;7(10):e016432. Cross sectional studies are often used to look at the effect of age as an independent variable on certain key behaviours or abilities. For example, you might compare 3 year olds and 6 year olds with regard to the amount of aggressive behaviours shown towards their same sex parents. Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic has been a period of upheaval for college students. Cross-sectional study design is a type of observational study design. Cross sectional research is a study in which subjects of different ages are compared at the same time. BMJ Open. A study may be longitudinal over any number of years; there are short-term longitudinal studies extending from age four to six, for instance, and full birth-to-maturity longitudinal… Then they would set up a longitudinal study to study cause and effect. -- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. Stigma among Singaporean youth: a cross-sectional study on adolescent attitudes towards serious mental illness and social tolerance in a multiethnic population. Start studying Psychology cross sectional research and longitudinal research. The objective of this study was to assess the factors associated with the increased levels of mental health burden among a sample of undergraduate college students in Northern New Jersey, the region of the U.S. severely impacted by the outbreak of COVID-19. In general, most developmental studies use the traditional cross-sectional or longitudinal designs, and both of these designs are susceptible to cohort effects. The alternative is longitudinal studies.. A cross-sectional study is a study in which disease and exposure status are measured simultaneously in a given population. Cross-sectional studies can be done more quickly than longitudinal studies. In a cross-sectional study, the investigator measures the outcome and the exposures in the study participants at the same time. Other articles where Cross-sectional design is discussed: human development: Types of growth data: In a cross-sectional study all of the children at age eight, for example, are different from those at age seven.